DividendDividends represent a form of reward disbursed to shareholders for their investment in a company. This pay-out comes from the organisation’s net profit and can be extended as cash, stock, or other forms.


Types of Dividends

In Indonesia, there are two primary types of dividends: interim and final dividends. Interim dividends are paid during the financial year, while final dividends are declared at the end of the financial year, subject to approval by shareholders at the annual general meeting. Companies often retain a portion of their profits as retained earnings, which can be reinvested in the business.

Taxation of Dividends

Dividends in Indonesia are subject to withholding tax. The withholding tax rate on dividends paid to resident taxpayers is generally 10%, while non-resident taxpayers may face a higher rate of 20%. However, lower rates or exemptions may apply if a tax treaty exists between Indonesia and the recipient’s country of residence.

Procedure for Dividend Distribution

To distribute dividends, a company must follow a formal process, including convening a general meeting of shareholders to approve the dividend payment. After approval, the company’s board of directors can authorise the payment and specify the dividend amount per share.

Shareholders’ Rights and Responsibilities

Shareholders in Indonesian companies have the right to receive dividends when declared and approved. They are also responsible for ensuring compliance with tax regulations related to dividend income. Additionally, understanding the company’s dividend policy and financial health is vital for shareholders to make informed investment decisions.



dividends in Indonesia play a pivotal role in rewarding shareholders and shaping a company’s financial strategy. Both businesses and investors must navigate the regulatory framework to optimise dividend outcomes and ensure compliance with taxation requirements.