Determining the Financial Year-end for an Indonesian Company
The financial year-end for a company is also known as its fiscal year which refers to the 12-month period a company uses for accounting calculations. In Indonesia, there are specific rules that a company will need to follow. This article provides information on How to Determining Financial Year End for Indonesia Company.
Deadline for the Financial Statement in Indonesia
In Indonesia, if a company’s fiscal year is from 1 January to 31 December, the company will need to submit its financial statement as well as its annual corporate income tax report by 30 April of the following year.
However, if the company’s fiscal year is different from a calendar year (as above), the submission deadline will be four months after the end of that fiscal year.
The financial statement and corporate income tax report must be submitted to the regional tax office in Indonesia. If the company’s annual turnover is more than IDR 50 billion (~US$ 3.5 million), the financial statement will also have to be audited.
Choosing a Financial Year-end
Choosing a financial year-end is a decision that requires careful thought and planning in order to obtain the most cost-effective and tax-advantageous result. As a general rule of thumb, companies should avoid fixing financial year-end which end during peak periods.
Here are other factors to consider when choosing a financial year-end:
- Company’s business cycle: The ideal year-end would be one that corresponds with the end of the busy season. This means that less inventory needs to be calculated and this decreases costs while increasing accuracy. Choosing a quiet time of the year to close the books also makes it more convenient for support staff as there are fewer transactions in progress.
- Subsidiary company: If your company is a subsidiary company, its financial year may need to coincide with the holding company. This will need to be confirmed with the holding company.
- Prior agreements: Some companies may have their fiscal year determined by an agreement such as a franchise agreement or a joint venture agreement.
Penalties on Failure to Report or Late Reporting
Indonesian taxation laws may be subject to regular changes and it is important to keep up with regulations to avoid incorrect reporting. If a company fails to report its financial year-end and violates Indonesia’s accounting and compliance requirements, it may face monthly interest penalties on late payments from 2% up to 48%.
The deadline will count as a full month if it is exceeded by one day and tax officials will impose penalties accordingly. Companies that have a record of failing to comply will also receive increased scrutiny from tax officials in the future.