Why Does the Financial Year End Matter?

Financial Reporting and Compliance

Financial Year End (FYE)At the financial year end, companies must prepare their financial statements, including the income statement, balance sheet, and cash flow statement. These reports provide a comprehensive view of a company’s financial health and are essential for compliance with accounting standards and regulations.


In Indonesia, as in many other countries, the financial year end plays a crucial role in determining tax liabilities. Companies must calculate their taxable income for the year and file their annual tax returns accordingly. Understanding the financial year end date is essential for accurate tax planning and compliance.

Setting the Financial Year End Date


Businesses in Indonesia have some flexibility in choosing their financial year end date. While the calendar year-end (December 31st) is common, companies can select any month-end as their financial year end. This choice often depends on their industry, operational cycle, and reporting requirements.


Once established, it is generally advisable for a company to maintain consistency in its financial year end date. Changing the financial year end can complicate financial analysis and comparisons across different periods.


Preparing for Financial Year End

Accounting Records

In the lead-up to the financial year end, meticulous record-keeping is essential. All financial transactions, receipts, and invoices should be accurately recorded to ensure the integrity of financial statements.

Audit and Review

Many businesses opt for external audits or internal reviews to verify their financial statements before finalising them for reporting purposes. This step enhances credibility and transparency.



the financial year end is a critical milestone for businesses in Indonesia. It influences financial reporting, taxation, and overall financial management. Understanding its significance and adhering to best practices ensures smooth operations and compliance with regulatory requirements.